Zimbabwe, the European Union, and the Cotonou Agreement: An Opinion.
This paper was first written in late 2013 in an effort to lay bare the issues around the Cotonou agreement, and the respective obligations of the EU and Zimbabwe as parties to this agreement. The paper was circulated privately to various countries ahead of the initial decision to suspend Article 96, but, in the event, the suspension took place. The paper is now released following the decision of the EU, firstly in February 2014, and latterly in November 2014, to suspend the appropriate measures under Article 96. This decision was apparently first taken in July 2012, firmed up in February 2014, with the removal of all restrictions except for the arms embargo and the travel restrictions on President Mugabe and his wife, and, most recently, the decision to allow all appropriate measures to expire. As the EU statement puts this:
The Council unanimously agreed that appropriate measures would expire on 1 November provided that there is no serious deterioration in the governance and human rights situation. There has been no such deterioration since then.